The skin’s pigment is produced by a specific skin cell, the melanocyte. This pigment, called melanin, is responsible for our skin, eye and hair colour.
Hyper-pigmentation is caused by excess production of melanin. This is generally triggered by sun damage and inflammation, but certain medications and hormones can also be a cause. When we see pigmentation on the surface with the naked eye, it is due to years of cumulative sun damage that begins in our childhood.
How can you prevent it?
Pigmentation can be prevented by the daily application of products that inhibit tyrosinase, an enzyme that controls the production of melanin. It is also important to cover up in the sun and wear SPF every day.